Palette of King Narmer (side 2)

the king, now wearing the crown from lower egypt, follows his standard-bearers to inspect the 10 decapitated figures to the right, lying on the ground with their heads between their feet.

the middle register containing the cougar-like creatures with elongated necks are guessed by some scholars to be symbols for upper and lower egypt in their opposing/harmonious unification.

the bottom register seems to contain plans for the king's military fortifications: towers, walls, and barracks shown in mixed views common to the egyptians. as a delicate reminder a bull is shown goring a prostate enemy.

height 25"
c. 3200-2980 b.c.